- Measurements of both Grid and Solar panels
- In case of the EV Wall Business, EV Base or EV Ultra products you need an additional Smappee Infinity to measure this
- In case of the EV Wall the package contains the necessary equipment to do the measurements
- A valid Solar Forecast (This requires measurements for at least a month)
- (Optional: Custom Tariffs on the Charging Square service location)
How does it work?
Smappee Smart Charging can optimize your charging sessions by maximizing self-consumption of energy produced by solar panels, and by charging during the cheapest possible periods.
Enabling Smart Charging can be done in a few different ways:
- In a residential environment, or if the same person always uses the same charging station, the smart charging settings can be configured for the charging station as described below. These settings will be valid for every charging session, regardless of who is using the charging station and regardless of which session activation method is used.
- In a commercial environment, or if multiple people use the same charging station:
- If Swipe and charge is used, and the user has added their RFID card to the Wallet in the app, they will receive a notification asking if they want to activate smart charging.
- If Scan and charge is used, the 'Use Solar or Off-Peak Energy' option can be chosen. This is usually applicable for visitors charging on a publicly accessible charging station.
Configuring Smart Charging settings for a charging station
To change the smart charging settings using the Smappee app, go to 'Control' - 'All' - 'Smart devices', and select the charging station you would like to edit.
Alternatively you can also navigate to this via the Smappee Charging Stations Card on the Dashboard of the App.
On this screen, you will be given three options:
- Standard charging: charge at the maximum available current. You can easily change the maximum current using the slider. Overload protection will still be active and reduce the current if needed.
- Smart charging: optimize charging based on solar production and electricity tariff.
- Pause: the EV pauses charging. Can only be used during a charging session.
Important: changing this setting will change it for the current charging session AND all future sessions. Don't use Smart charging or Stop without informing all users of this charging station. We recommend that publicly available charging stations are always left on 'Normal charging'.
When you activate Smart Charging, you can choose 3 different strategies:
- Surplus only
- Schedules only
- Schedules and surplus
Your car will be charged up using excess energy from your solar panels or other source of production. On cloudy moments when there is not enough solar power available, the EV will not charge. It is based on total power instead of current per phase, so if you have a 3-phase solar installation and you have a surplus of 6A per phase (so 4.2 kW) then a single-phase car will be able to charge with 18A.
Note: EVs need a minimum current which you can read more about in: Why is my car not charging on solar only?
Surplus only slider
You also have slider to determine the minimum amount of export need to start recharging using surplus.
- 100% means 100% needs to come from the solar panels (Single phase: 1.3kw export, Three phase: 4.2kw export)
- 50% means 50% needs to come from the solar panels and 50% from the grid (Single phase: 0.65kw export, Three phase: 2.1kw export)
- 25% means 25% needs to come from the solar panels and 75% from the grid (Single phase: 0.325kw export, Three phase: 1.05 kw export)
- 0% means the charger will always charge at minimum speed (Single phase: 1.3kw, Thee phase: 4.2kw) and will go faster as soon as there is more then the minimum needed solar
When smart charging has been activated, Smappee's optimization algorithm knows how many kilometers of range need to be charged and by what time this is needed. The kilometers are recalculated into energy, using a conversion factor of 0.2 kWh/km. Note that this is a good estimation for most EVs but it may not be perfectly accurate depending on weather conditions and your driving style.
Once the required energy and remaining time is known, the optimization algorithm will determine the optimal periods to charge in the next 24 hours. This is based on a combination of forecasted solar production, forecasted consumption, and electricity tariffs. This planning is adjusted in almost real-time depending on the live consumption and production. The algorithm will always favour the usage of excess solar energy. If it is not possible to fully charge the EV with only solar energy, it will use energy from the grid but at the cheapest possible tariff. In any case, the priority is to always deliver the requested energy so that the driver is never left with an empty battery.
Please note that some time is needed to be able to calculate an accurate consumption and solar production forecast for new installations. Smart charging will be less accurate during the first few days after installation of the Smappee monitor, because we still need to learn about your energy usage. Moreover, the optimization only plans for the next 24 hours. If your departure time is more than 24 hours in the future, it will be ignored and your EV will start charging immediately.
Schedules and surplus
This is a combination of the two above methods. Your car will be charged with a minimum energy according to the schedule you have set. If more surplus energy is available, your car will be recharged with more than the requested energy.
If there is no Schedule within 24 hours then the car will be recharged at the maximum possible speed.
Here the Surplus slider as explained above can also be used.